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Types & Meaning of Chinese Dragons

There are nine classical Chinese dragons, each classified by the cosmic task the dragon is given. Dragons are an important part of Chinese culture, having been used on shields as far back as the Yin and Shang dynasties. Dragons are believed to impart life and are considered benevolent, helpful, wise

Snowclones Are the New Cliches

A snowclone is a type of cliché or formulaic expression that "can be used in an entirely open array of different jokey variants" (Geoffrey K. Pullum).

Harold Ross on Editing

"Editing," Harold Ross once said, "is the same as quarreling with writers--same thing exactly." In the following excerpts from Thomas Kunkel's "Letters from the Editor: The New Yorker's Harold Ross, we see that for the most part these were lovers' quarrels.

How to Speak Russian Fluently

Russian is an Eastern Slavonic language with approximately 144 million speakers worldwide, according to the Ethnologue language report. The majority of these speakers live in Russia, where Russian is the official language. However, there are also significant Russian-speaking communities in the neigh

Today in Francophone History

Learn about important dates in French and francophone history: famous birthdays, holidays and celebrations, and other milestones.

How to Translate a Paragraph Into Spanish

Spanish is a romance language. This means that it is related to Latin in its grammatical makeup. By comparison, English is primarily a Germanic language. Because the sentence structures and placement of words in the two languages can be quite different, it is tricky to translate Spanish into English

Swordfish mobile

Nice Carnival is the largest winter event on the French Riviera. In 2009, Carnaval de Nice took place from 13 February to 1 March, and the theme was Roi des Mascarades (King of Masquerades).

How Many Boats Did Cortes Use on His Expedition?

Hernan Cortes, a Spanish conquistador, led an expedition in 1519 from Cuba to Mexico in search of gold, land and slaves. During his expedition, he greatly altered the political climate of Mexico and changed its demographic history forever.


A pejorative term for the excessive and potentially confusing use of abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms.